'Blue economy' attracting international interest
September 22nd | Laine Welch
Globally, oceans are being viewed as the last economic frontier, expert says
A growing cluster of entrepreneurs is seeding prospects for Alaska's new "blue economy" and it is attracting interest from around the world.
Marine technology experts are meeting at the Dena'ina Center in Anchorage this week as part of the Oceans '17 conference and the conversations and a competition will continue into October.
It's a first visit to Alaska for the global event that is hosted by the Marine Technology Society and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Founded in 1884 by the likes of Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell, the IEEE declares itself as "the world's largest technical professional organization for the advancement of technology for the benefit of humanity."
The theme of the free Sept. 18-21 conference is "Our Harsh and Fragile Ocean" and it will focus on how modern technology and traditional knowledge can combine to tackle such issues as climate change, increased Arctic vessel traffic, energy extraction and the new blue economy.
"Globally, the oceans are being viewed as the last economic frontier. There is huge potential to develop the oceans in a socially, environmentally and economically sustainable way and our hope is that Alaska becomes a leader in this blue economy," said Joel Cladouhos, director of Alaska's Ocean Cluster Initiative, a collaboration of the Bering Sea Fishermen's Association, the College of Fisheries and Oceans Science at University of Alaska Fairbanks and the Global Entrepreneurs Institute at University of Alaska Anchorage.
(The cluster holds Ocean Tuesday video talks at UAA that include multiple Alaska communities and countries.)
Ocean Clusters are modeled after a concept that began in Iceland in the 1970s that create an "economic ecosystem" to connect "startup" people with a common goal.
"We're all familiar with marine ecosystems, but an economic ecosystem involves innovators and entrepreneurs and educators to create a foundation to grow businesses, innovate new products and grow from the bottom up," Cladouhos explained.
"Blue growth" is defined as the application and commercialization of new technologies and innovation to fisheries and marine science and engineering. It is said to be one of the fastest growing global sectors and is expected to triple in value to $3 trillion by 2030 (measured as marine-based industrial contribution to economic output and employment).
For Alaska, the blue economy includes traditional sectors such as fisheries, oil and gas, mariculture, coastal tourism and transportation, as well as new arenas such as robotics, biofuels, undersea drones, renewable energy and marine biotechnology.
The ocean visionaries project such blue ventures for Alaska would boost the state's economy by 50,000 jobs and $3 billion in wages by 2040.
"Alaska holds over half the nation's coastline and a third of the U.S. exclusive economic zone. There is huge potential to develop our oceans in a socially, environmentally and economically sustainable way," Cladouhos said. "It's time for Alaska to get on board with the blue economy because it has the potential to be bigger than oil and gas if we have the appropriate long-term strategy."
A conference presentation on growing Alaska's blue economy is set for Sept. 21 from 1:30- 3 p.m. and will be streamed via Zoom video.
Following Oceans '17, a first-ever Ocean Technology Innovation Sprint (OTIS) will kick off on Oct. 7. OTIS is based on the Google Ventures Sprint process that engages interdisciplinary teams to create prototype solutions to problems, over five days, within a three-week period.
"The Sprint process works very well and is used by many corporations. It has not been tried anywhere else in the world and is an Alaska innovation, very cutting edge," said Nigel Sharp, Global Entrepreneur in Residence at the Business Enterprise Institute at UAA.
Applicants can apply to be in a pool of 30 Alaskans to make up teams that will go through an "iteration of a product cycle" in one of nine blue growth areas. Top prize is a trip to BlueTech Week in San Diego.
"No experience needed. Just a passion and willingness to share ideas" is the OTIS logo.
"Hopefully it will start a movement that allows Alaska to get a foothold into the global ocean economy and show we are a base for innovation and ideas," Sharp said.
Alaskans can apply to the Sprint at www.otis.blue through September 26.
Fish fine print
Every year vessel owners must renew documentation with the U.S. Coast Guard with the boat's name, ownership, tonnage, home port and other basic criteria. It costs $26 — unless you get scammed by a private provider that charges three times as much.
Fishing groups are warning that that is the case with an online company called U.S. Vessel Documentation.
Fisherman Norm Hughes of Haines received a letter saying he needed to renew his documentation at a website called uscgdocumentation.us. and he paid $150 for a two-year renewal. Then he learned it was a legal scam.
The outfit is sending misleading letters to boat owners across the country, said Steve Ramp, a Coast Guard spokesman in Sitka.
"This company is making themselves look very close to an official letter from the Coast Guard when they're not," Ramp said.
They are not doing anything illegal.
They are offering a service to the owners of documented vessels and they are performing that service.
U.S. Vessel Documentation spokesman Zachary Johnson called any mix ups "regrettable."
"We don't have the same logos. We have a completely unique and trademarked logo. We aren't on a government URL or anything like that," he told KHNS in Haines.
Johnson said a disclaimer in small print at the bottom of the company website states that it is a private service, and it also is specified in the terms customers agree to when renewing their registration. He would not say why the company charges three times as much as the Coast Guard or reveal the number of complaints they've received.
They extend to recreational fishermen.
"We are actively trying to get the company to change its policies to make it more transparent. These third party companies are permitted to do this but the issue we have is they tend to look like they are official Coast Guard website and letters," said Charles Fort, director of consumer protection at the U.S. Boat Owners Association.
The total sockeye salmon harvest at Bristol Bay topped 37 million, the third largest catch in 40 years. Sockeye prices averaged $1.02 a pound, up from $.76 last year. That pushes the preliminary sockeye value to fishermen to $209.8 million, compared to $153.2 million last season.
Alaska Fish Factor is a syndicated weekly newspaper column that focuses on Alaska's seafood industry. For nearly 30 years, the column has appeared in nearly two dozen Alaska newspapers/websites, and in trade publications nationally and in the UK. Visit Laine Welch's Web site at http://www.alaskafishradio.com.